The 185th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio. Under the command of Colonel John E. Cummins, the regiment was mustered in for one-year of service on February 25, 1865.
The regiment left Ohio under orders for Nashville, Tennessee on February 27. Upon reaching Louisville, Kentucky, they were detained there and assigned to guard duty at various points in Kentucky from Owensboro to the Cumberland Gap.
The only shots fired in anger were during a skirmish in Bath County, Kentucky on March 26. Until they were mustered out of service on September 26, 1865, at Lexington, they performed garrison duty at Cumberland Gap, Greensboro, LaGrange, Mount Sterling, Shelbyville and other locations.
During their entire time in Kentucky, the regiment’s headquarters were at Eminence, Kentucky. The regiment lost a total of 35 enlisted men during service, all due to disease.